# What Does Baseball Stat OPS Mean?

If you think that baseball is merely a game about bats, balls, and bases, you’re partly right. It is about those things, as well as hitting, catching and running. But, the game is also about statistics, the“numbers” that help managers and baseball executives evaluate the team and individual performance.

OPS (Wikipedia) is one of the most important stats currently being used to judge player ability. But, you may wonder:“what Does baseball stat OPS mean or what does OPS stand for in baseball?” Just stated, baseball stat OPS, a stat created in 1984.

When we mentioned the name the very first time in a book called “The Hidden Game of Baseball,” which was co-authored by John Thorn and Peter Palmer, rates the offensive capability of individual players.

The stat, which measures a player’s on-base percentage plus his slugging average to determine his overall value to a team, grew in popularity when it became a regular weekly feature in the sports section of The New York Times and then began appearing on the backs of Topps Baseball Cards.

All baseball teams regularly use OPS stats at every level in which the game is played. Little League to the Minor Leagues to Major League Baseball. The stat helps teams to improve because it separates and highlights quality players from those who underperform offensively.

## How OPS Help Teams To Get Better

It has always been understood that baseball is a tough game to master, especially on offense. Baseball involves using a cylindrical bat to hit a small ball that is thrown at high speed. And yet, some players excel at making contact. They become “superstars” and earn vast amounts of money.

What Does OPS Stand for in Baseball? and how does management spot this kind of “great player?” They use the stat known as OPS. What the letters “OPS” actually mean are “on-base percentage plus slugging average.” An above-average offensive player has typically an OPS number of about .900.

The OPS leader in both the American and National League has typically an OPS rating of about .1000. Such players get on base frequently and hit for a high batting average. Perhaps more importantly, this star offensive performer also hits for power, socking lots of extra-base hits and driving in runs to help his team win games. There is a formula that baseball executives use to determine a player’s OPS.

## Baseball Stat OPS – Here is how it looks –

It is OPS = OBP + SLG. Let me break it down even more so that it becomes even easier to understand.OBP (on-base percentage) is derived by dividing H (hits) + BB (bases on balls) + HBP (hit by pitch) by AB(at-bats) + BB (bases on balls) + HBP (hit by pitch) + SF (sacrifice fly balls).

In other words, add a player’s hits, walks, and the times he was hit by a pitch and divide the result by the same player’s total at-bats, walks, times he was hit by a pitch and every sacrifice fly he has hit. It may seem complicated at first, but, in fact, it is a simple formula that produces very effective and useful information.

Now, here’s how to break down “Slugging.” Once again, the math is simple. It works this way: compute a player’s total bases (a number derived by adding up his singles, doubles, triples and home runs) and divide that number by his total at-bats. Yes … it is that simple.

## How Good A Player Performs When On Offense

Remember: a player that gets on base frequently by hit or by walk and also hits for power and drives in runs is an offensive threat and an important part of the team. The formula, as shown earlier, is basic. It is as follows: OPS = OBP + SLG. Hit for average and for power, and you will have a high OPS and a reputation that causes opposing pitchers to fear you.

## There Is A Scale You Can Use – To Measure OPS For Players On Your Team

Simply use the formula above to determine a numerical OPS value for each of your players. The number you get will help you determine that player’s true value, based on the information below. An “A” player (listed as great) is one whose OPS rating is .9000 or higher. A “B” player (very good) has an OPS of .8333 – .8999. A “C” player (above average) is listed as one whose OPS is .7667 – .8333. A “D” player (average) has an OPS of .7000- .7666.

There’s still more … An “E” player (below average) is rated as one with an OPS of .6334 – .6999. An “F” player (poor) can only produce an OPS that goes from .5667 – .6333. And a “G” player (very poor) has an OPS of just .5666 or lower. These stats can help you, as a manager, to put together a lineup that places your best hitters in positions where they can do the most damage. And that can lead to lots of winning baseball.